France chicken farm Fred Tanneau/Stringer

De plantaardige oplossing van het hongerprobleem

BERLIJN – De manier waarop we eten in de geïndustrialiseerde wereld is ongezond, onrechtvaardig en niet duurzaam. Veel te veel van het vlees dat we consumeren wordt geproduceerd onder twijfelachtige ecologische, ethische en sociale omstandigheden. En nu wordt ons industriële model voor vleesproductie geëxporteerd naar het mondiale zuiden, vooral naar India en China, waar de vleesconsumptie onder de opkomende middenklassen toeneemt.

Wereldwijd wordt er ieder jaar 300 miljoen ton vlees geproduceerd, en de Voedsel- en Landbouworganisatie (FAO) van de Verenigde Naties schat dat de jaarlijkse hoeveelheid in 2050 455 miljoen ton zal bedragen als de vraag in het huidige tempo blijft toenemen. Zulke grote hoeveelheden vlees kunnen louter op industriële schaal worden geproduceerd, en tegen hoge sociale, politieke en ecologische kosten.

De productie van vlees betekent een enorm inefficiënt gebruik van landbouwgrond, omdat er aanzienlijk méér plantaardig voedsel nodig is als veevoer dan wat we nodig zouden hebben om onszelf rechtstreeks te voeden door middel van een plantaardig dieet. Voor de productie van één kilo kippenvlees, varkensvlees of rundvlees is bijvoorbeeld respectievelijk 1,6, drie en acht kilo diervoeding vereist. Hierdoor komen boeren en veevoerproducenten tegenover elkaar te staan in een felle concurrentiestrijd om grond.

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