Elderly Indonesian woman. Andris Randing/Flickr

Забытый геноцид в Индонезии

КАНБЕРРА – В октябре отмечается 50 лет с тех пор, как военные в Индонезии начали одно из самых жестоких в двадцатом веке массовых убийств. При этом годовщина прошла практически никем не замеченной. Массовое убийство 500 000 членов или сторонников Коммунистической партии Индонезии (КПИ) в 1965-1966 годах ‑ это геноцид прошлого века, о котором говорят меньше всего.

Давно пора поднять покров тайны о «кровавой бане», но складывается впечатление, что те, кому есть что скрывать о прошлом, продолжают этому сопротивляться. Организаторы широко известного Фестиваля писателей и читателей в Убуде на Бали ощутили, что может представлять собой новый раунд активной цензуры, когда местные официальные лица угрожали отменить проведение самого фестиваля, если будет продолжено обсуждение массовых убийств.

Убийства начались в октябре 1965 года по горячим следам после неудавшегося государственного переворота, по неофициальным данным планировавшегося КПИ. В качестве ответной реакции военные представили членов партии и ее сторонников в виде безбожной силы зла, которая должна быть полностью уничтожена. Как результат, массовые убийства были целенаправленными, систематическими и охватили всю страну. При этом самая ужасная и грубая жестокость имела место на Центральной и Восточной Яве, на Бали и в северной части Суматры.

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