Forest fire in Indonesia

Apagar los incendios de Indonesia

MANILA – Cada año, Indonesia es presa de incendios forestales que provocan enormes daños ambientales, sociales y económicos. Los de este año (los mayores en casi dos décadas) destruyeron tres millones de hectáreas de tierra, y se calcula que causaron 14 mil millones de dólares de pérdidas en agricultura, degradación forestal, salud, transporte y turismo.

Lo que quizá sea más alarmante es el impacto climático. Indonesia ya es uno de los mayores emisores de dióxido de carbono del mundo. Por los incendios, su promedio de emisiones diario en septiembre y octubre de este año fue diez veces superior a lo normal. Solo el día 14 de octubre, las emisiones de los incendios ascendieron a 61 megatoneladas, casi el 97% de todas las emisiones del país ese día. Por eso los incendios de este año (sucedidos apenas unas semanas antes de la Conferencia de las Naciones Unidas sobre Cambio Climático en París, donde los líderes mundiales esperan llegar a un acuerdo global para limitar las emisiones de dióxido de carbono) resaltan la necesidad urgente de que Indonesia y sus socios en materia de desarrollo actúen rápidamente para encarar este azote regional y global. Si no lo hacemos, combatir el cambio climático será aún más difícil.

La causa de los recurrentes incendios que castigan a Indonesia es la práctica habitual de encender fuego para abrir terrenos para la producción de aceite de palma, agravada por una sequía prolongada que puede atribuirse en parte al fenómeno del Niño. Si bien una fiscalización más estricta de la legislación indonesia contra esta práctica (Ley Básica Forestal de 1999 y Ley de Plantaciones de 2014) puede ser útil, se necesita mucho más.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/63Amh9s/es;

Handpicked to read next

  1. Patrick Kovarik/Getty Images

    The Summit of Climate Hopes

    Presidents, prime ministers, and policymakers gather in Paris today for the One Planet Summit. But with no senior US representative attending, is the 2015 Paris climate agreement still viable?

  2. Trump greets his supporters The Washington Post/Getty Images

    Populist Plutocracy and the Future of America

    • In the first year of his presidency, Donald Trump has consistently sold out the blue-collar, socially conservative whites who brought him to power, while pursuing policies to enrich his fellow plutocrats. 

    • Sooner or later, Trump's core supporters will wake up to this fact, so it is worth asking how far he might go to keep them on his side.
  3. Agents are bidding on at the auction of Leonardo da Vinci's 'Salvator Mundi' Eduardo Munoz Alvarez/Getty Images

    The Man Who Didn’t Save the World

    A Saudi prince has been revealed to be the buyer of Leonardo da Vinci's "Salvator Mundi," for which he spent $450.3 million. Had he given the money to the poor, as the subject of the painting instructed another rich man, he could have restored eyesight to nine million people, or enabled 13 million families to grow 50% more food.

  4.  An inside view of the 'AknRobotics' Anadolu Agency/Getty Images

    Two Myths About Automation

    While many people believe that technological progress and job destruction are accelerating dramatically, there is no evidence of either trend. In reality, total factor productivity, the best summary measure of the pace of technical change, has been stagnating since 2005 in the US and across the advanced-country world.

  5. A student shows a combo pictures of three dictators, Austrian born Hitler, Castro and Stalin with Viktor Orban Attila Kisbenedek/Getty Images

    The Hungarian Government’s Failed Campaign of Lies

    The Hungarian government has released the results of its "national consultation" on what it calls the "Soros Plan" to flood the country with Muslim migrants and refugees. But no such plan exists, only a taxpayer-funded propaganda campaign to help a corrupt administration deflect attention from its failure to fulfill Hungarians’ aspirations.

  6. Project Syndicate

    DEBATE: Should the Eurozone Impose Fiscal Union?

    French President Emmanuel Macron wants European leaders to appoint a eurozone finance minister as a way to ensure the single currency's long-term viability. But would it work, and, more fundamentally, is it necessary?

  7. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now