Финансовое безумие Индии

НЬЮ-ДЕЛИ - новый бюджет Индии на 2008-2009 годы говорит о текущем финансовом здоровье страны меньше, чем о непреодолимой тенденции индийских правительств использовать национальный бюджет в качестве предвыборного оружия. Каждый год Индия изо всех сил пытается согласовать несогласуемое: стимулировать экономический рост и инвестиции, снизить процент бедноты и удовлетворить прожорливый военный аппетит. Правительство, по идее, должно заботиться о «aam aadmi», простом человеке (избирателе), удовлетворяя потребности бизнесменов (которые помогают экономике работать). 

Действительно, новый бюджет – это золотое дно предвыборной кампании для основных избирательных округов: снижение налогов для среднего класса и льготы для больших корпораций страны. Здесь есть понемногу для каждого, включая впечатляющие 15 миллиардов долларов на ссуды для мелких фермеров. 

Несмотря на все внимание, проявляемое Индией в последние годы к революции в розничной торговле, информационно-технологическому прогрессу и быстро развивающимся производственным секторам, сельское хозяйство, от которого до сих пор зависит 70% населения, находится в кризисе. Рост в сельскохозяйственном секторе Индии уменьшился со скромных 3,8% до еще более анемичных 2,6% в прошлом году.

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