Eye.Ess.Ohh/Flickr

保持印度增速

孟买——印度也未能从全球经济放缓的大趋势中幸免。保持继续实现能使成百上千万人脱贫的经济增长需要对经济增长模式进行重新思考。印度要想成功,深层次发掘地区和国内需求、强化宏观经济体制并勇敢加入缔造开放全球体系的斗争就是必由之路。印度的雄心壮志不应受到国外预期降低的影响。

实现上述目标需要靠投资来提高效率,其中基础设施投资尤为重要。我们要确保国内每个角落都能通过公路、铁路、港口和机场联通到国内和国际市场。能源、矿产、水资源等各项投入要素必须确保有竞争力的价格。印度必须借助移动设备和宽带与更广泛的市场保持联系,而且确保融资渠道畅通,尤其要确保传统上被排除在外的人能够享受到融资服务。实现上述目标的计划现在正在制定过程中;这些计划现在必须付诸实行。

此外,必须改善人力资本。这需要加大在医疗保健、营养及卫生领域的投入,以确保印度民众掌握才干、身体健康;要确保教育能够缔造出劳动力市场所看重的技能;同时在有意愿投资于培训的企业创造就业机会。实现所有这些目标需要各级官员一心一意地服务经济,而不是像在多数情况下那样——反过来要经济适应他。幸运的是,政治领导层已经明确了其“小政府、大执政”的信仰。

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