India tax reform Hindustan Times/ Getty Images

印度拙劣的税收改革

新德里——7月1日,印度许多熙熙攘攘的市场笼罩着一种怪异的寂静。那天午夜,新颁布的国家商品和服务税(GST)在国会举办引人瞩目的仪式后开始生效。它被誉为印度独立以来规模最大的税制改革,但业主们完全无法确定这一税制改革对商品价格的影响,以至于许多业主当天都暂停了业务。

许多人(也包括我本人在内)一直主张实行国家商品和服务税,统一税收有可能统一印度全国市场,使经济更加透明、数字化和高效。国家商品和服务税的推行被现在执政的人民党推迟了近十年,其中就包括纳伦德拉·莫迪总理,他在担任古吉拉特邦首席部长期间提出统一税收将侵犯各州权利,并抢走它们的收入。

但莫迪升迁至德里时却改变了态度,这验证了那句名言,屁股决定立场。现在,在执政三年后,他曾经冷嘲热讽的国家商品和服务税已经在他手中得到了实施。但他所推行的版本远远低于倡导者的预期。事实上,就像八个月前曾导致所有大面额纸币突然退出流通的莫迪灾难性的废钞赌博一样,事实已经证明他的全国商品和服务税既混乱又具有破坏性。

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