Индия: больше не прикована к истории

НЬЮ-ДЕЛИ. Недавнее решение суда показало сильные стороны и пределы Индии, по мере того как она пытается справиться со своей трансформацией из земли, прикованной к истории со времен раздела 1947 года, который оторвал Пакистан от ее сутулых плеч ‑ в современного мирового гиганта.

Высокий суд самого населенного штата Индии, Уттар-Прадеш, наконец, вынес решение по 61-летней тяжбе на владение спорным участком в храме города Айодхья, в котором в 1992 году воющая толпа индуистских экстремистов снесла мечеть Бабри Масджид. Мечеть была построена в 1520-х годах основателем империи Моголов императором Бабуром в месте, которое традиционно считают местом рождения индуистского бога-царя Рама, героя 3000-летнего эпоса «Рамаяна». Индуистские фанатики, которые разрушили мечеть, пообещали заменить ее храмом в честь Рама, и, тем самым, отомстить за 500 лет истории.

Индия – это земля, на которой часто пересекаются история, мифы и легенды; иногда сами индийцы не могут определить разницу. Многие индусы утверждают, что Бабри Масджид стояла в точном месте рождения Рама, и что Бабур разместил ее там, чтобы напоминать завоеванному народу о его подчинении. Но многие историки ‑ большинство из них индусы ‑ утверждают, что нет никаких доказательств того, что Рама когда-либо существовал в человеческом облике, не говоря уже о том, что он родился в том месте, где утверждают верующие.

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