Индия, Иран и причина двойного стандарта

Практически незамеченной из-за споров вокруг Ирака и Ирана оказалась важная инициатива с участием третьей страны на «И»: Индии. Ожидается, что в этом году в Конгрессе Соединённых Штатов состоится голосование по «Инициативе Индии и США о сотрудничестве в области использования ядерной энергии в мирных целях», подписанной в марте президентом Бушем во время визита в Нью-Дели.

Данное соглашение прокладывает дорогу экспорту американских ядерных технологий и материалов для использования в мирных ядерных программах Индии. Взамен Индия дала обещание открыть для международного инспектирования 14 из своих 22 существующих и проектируемых энергетических ядерных реакторов, а также все будущие используемые в мирных целях реакторы.

Соглашение важно, по крайней мере, по двум причинам. Во-первых, договорённость символизирует возникновение новых геополитических отношений между двумя самыми большими демократическими странами в мире, которые часто были на противоположных сторонах во времена «холодной войны». Данное событие может иметь историческое значение, если оно приведёт не только к углублению технических и экономических связей между Индией и США, но и повысит их способность решать региональные и глобальные проблемы, начиная с распространения ядерного оружия и заканчивая изменением климата.

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