Nucléaire : ne confondons pas l'Inde et l'Iran

Au milieu des controverses qui entourent l'Iran et l'Irak, on ne prête guère attention à un événement majeur concernant un troisième pays dont le nom commence aussi par un I : l'Inde. Le Congrès américain va probablement se prononcer au cours de cette année sur l'Initiative de coopération pour le nucléaire civil entre les USA et l'Inde qui a été signé lors de la visite du président Bush à New Delhi en mars dernier.

Cet accord ouvre la voie à des exportations de technologie et de matériel nucléaire américain vers l'Inde pour servir dans son programme de nucléaire civil. En échange, l'Inde a promis d'ouvrir 14 de ses 22 centrales nucléaires existantes ou prévus, ainsi que toutes les centrales qui seront construites dans l'avenir, à des inspections internationales.

Cet accord est important pour au moins deux raisons. Premièrement, cet accord symbolise une nouvelle relation géopolitique entre les deux plus grandes démocraties de la planète qui étaient souvent dans des camps opposés durant la Guerre froide. Il pourrait avoir une importance historique, si non seulement il contribue à resserrer les liens techniques et économiques entre les deux pays, mais renforce aussi leur capacité à répondre aux défis qui se posent tant au niveau régional que mondial, et qui vont des risques de prolifération nucléaire au changement climatique.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.


Log in;
  1. China corruption Isaac Lawrence/Getty Images

    The Next Battle in China’s War on Corruption

    • Chinese President Xi Jinping knows well the threat that corruption poses to the authority of the Communist Party of China and the state it controls. 
    • But moving beyond Xi's anti-corruption purge to build robust and lasting anti-graft institutions will not be easy, owing to enduring opportunities for bureaucratic capture.
  2. Italy unemployed demonstration SalvatoreEsposito/Barcroftimages / Barcroft Media via Getty Images

    Putting Europe’s Long-Term Unemployed Back to Work

    Across the European Union, millions of people who are willing and able to work have been unemployed for a year or longer, at great cost to social cohesion and political stability. If the EU is serious about stopping the rise of populism, it will need to do more to ensure that labor markets are working for everyone.

  3. Latin America market Federico Parra/Getty Images

    A Belt and Road for the Americas?

    In a time of global uncertainty, a vision of “made in the Americas” prosperity provides a unifying agenda for the continent. If implemented, the US could reassert its historical leadership among a group of countries that share its fundamental values, as well as an interest in inclusive economic growth and rising living standards.

  4. Startup office Mladlen Antonov/Getty Images

    How Best to Promote Research and Development

    Clearly, there is something appealing about a start-up-based innovation strategy: it feels democratic, accessible, and so California. But it is definitely not the only way to boost research and development, or even the main way, and it is certainly not the way most major innovations in the US came about during the twentieth century.

  5. Trump Trade speech Bill Pugliano/Getty Images .

    Preparing for the Trump Trade Wars

    In the first 11 months of his presidency, Donald Trump has failed to back up his words – or tweets – with action on a variety of fronts. But the rest of the world's governments, and particularly those in Asia and Europe, would be mistaken to assume that he won't follow through on his promised "America First" trade agenda.