体面的工作还是下流的政治

达沃斯—联合国2030年可持续发展议程承诺联合国成员国“一个也不能少”。这一承诺的一个关键要素——也是国际劳工组织自身的议程之一——是人人获得体面的工作。如今,工人的不满和幻灭正在全世界通过选举表达,这一目标也变得无比重要。

今天,每一代人都会比前一代人过得更好——既包括社会方面,也包括经济方面——已经不再是理所当然的期望。对许多人来说,向下流动成为新常态。

因此,毫不奇怪,对全球化开展方式的长期发酵的不满以及对全球化收益的不公平分配的怨恨助长了最近席卷全球的政治反击。这一幻灭之所以产生,至少部分原因在于人们自身的工作经历,不管是被劳动力市场排斥在外、糟糕的工作环境,还是低迷的工资。

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