highway in china Zou Yuanjing/ZumaPress

增长的包容之路

日内瓦—没有什么政策挑战能够比满足扩大经济增长和全球化的好处的参与度的需要更加受全世界领导人关注了。事实上,一个具有地理和思想多样性的共识已经出现,即,如果想要真正扩大包容性,就需要一个新的——至少是大大改善的——经济发展模式。

不幸的是,这一政治共识目前仍停留在构想阶段,远远没有规范化。决策者还没有制定出得到国际承认的政策框架——以及相应的指标和可衡量里程碑——来指导各国着眼于范围宽广的生活水平敢删,而非仅仅继续用GDP增长作为国家经济表现的基本衡量手段。

增长能够在多大程度上创造机会和改善生活水平取决于一系列结构性和制度性经济政策,包括许多教育和分配领域(这两个领域常常在关于不平等性的讨论中被提及)之外的政策。制度在发展过程中的重要性正在日益获得承认——特别是法律框架和管理规则和激励的公共机构。但这一承认仍没有贯穿大部分经济学家和决策者所秉持的经济增长方针。

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/aG53evf/zh;
  1. An employee works at a chemical fiber weaving company VCG/Getty Images

    China in the Lead?

    For four decades, China has achieved unprecedented economic growth under a centralized, authoritarian political system, far outpacing growth in the Western liberal democracies. So, is Chinese President Xi Jinping right to double down on authoritarianism, and is the “China model” truly a viable rival to Western-style democratic capitalism?

  2. The assembly line at Ford Bill Pugliano/Getty Images

    Whither the Multilateral Trading System?

    The global economy today is dominated by three major players – China, the EU, and the US – with roughly equal trading volumes and limited incentive to fight for the rules-based global trading system. With cooperation unlikely, the world should prepare itself for the erosion of the World Trade Organization.

  3. Donald Trump Saul Loeb/Getty Images

    The Globalization of Our Discontent

    Globalization, which was supposed to benefit developed and developing countries alike, is now reviled almost everywhere, as the political backlash in Europe and the US has shown. The challenge is to minimize the risk that the backlash will intensify, and that starts by understanding – and avoiding – past mistakes.

  4. A general view of the Corn Market in the City of Manchester Christopher Furlong/Getty Images

    A Better British Story

    Despite all of the doom and gloom over the United Kingdom's impending withdrawal from the European Union, key manufacturing indicators are at their highest levels in four years, and the mood for investment may be improving. While parts of the UK are certainly weakening economically, others may finally be overcoming longstanding challenges.

  5. UK supermarket Waring Abbott/Getty Images

    The UK’s Multilateral Trade Future

    With Brexit looming, the UK has no choice but to redesign its future trading relationships. As a major producer of sophisticated components, its long-term trade strategy should focus on gaining deep and unfettered access to integrated cross-border supply chains – and that means adopting a multilateral approach.

  6. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now