water tap Roberto Machado Noa/LightRocket/Getty Images

Pembangunan yang Bukan Sekedar Angka

NEW YORK – Jamak diketahui bahwa statistik tidak mempunyai perasaan. Ini adalah hal yang perlu diingat oleh para peserta pertemuan musim semi Bank Dunia dan Dana Moneter Internasional yang diselenggarakan di Washington DC, ketika mereka menganalisa kemajuan pembangunan global. 

Meskipun banyak negara mengalami kemajuan yang pesat, masih terdapat ratusan juta orang yang tidak merasakan hal tersebut. Untuk menyoroti permasalahan ini, Program Pembangunan Persatuan Bangsa-Bangsa (UNDP) menjadikan inklusi sosial dan ekonomi sebagai tema utama laporan Pembangunan Manusia Tahun 2016 mereka, yang diberi judul “Pembangunan Manusia untuk Semua”. Laporan ini memberikan tinjauan mendalam mengenai bagaimana banyak negara, yang mendapatkan dukungan dari mitra mereka, dapat meningkatkan hasil pembangunan untuk seluruh warga negara, khususnya kelompok masyarakat yang paling sulit untuk dijangkau.  

Sejak UNDP pertama kali mengeluarkan laporan mereka pada tahun 1990, kita telah melihat kemajuan pesat yang terjadi pada hidup miliaran orang di seluruh dunia. Dulu, sekitar 35% orang dalam kondisi kemiskinan ekstrim. Saat ini, hanya kurang dari 11% orang yang hidup dalam kondisi tersebut. Angka kematian anak-anak dibawah usia lima tahun juga mengalami penurunan sebesar 50%, yang sebagian disebabkan karena terdapat dua miliar orang yang menerima manfaat dari sanitasi yang lebih baik dan akses yang lebih baik terhadap air minum yang bersih.  

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