water tap Roberto Machado Noa/LightRocket/Getty Images

Kijk bij ontwikkeling verder dan getallen

NEW YORK – Het wordt wel eens gezegd dat statistieken net zijn als mensen, maar dan zonder tranen. De deelnemers aan de voorjaarsontmoeting van de Wereldbank en het Internationaal Monetair Fonds in Washington, DC moeten deze boodschap in gedachten houden terwijl ze de vooruitgang van de mondiale ontwikkeling inschatten.

Ondanks de indrukwekkende vooruitgang die veel landen geboekt hebben blijven nog steeds honderden miljoenen mensen achter. Om dit probleem te onderstrepen heeft het Ontwikkelingsprogramma van de Verenigde Naties (UNDP) sociale en economische inclusie tot een van de grote thema’s van het Human Development Report 2016, geheten ‘Human Development For Everyone’, verheven. Het rapport schetst een uitgebreid beeld van hoe landen met steun van hun partners de ontwikkelingsuitkomsten voor al hun burgers kunnen verbeteren, en vooral voor degenen die het moeilijkst bereikbaar zijn.

Sinds het UNDP zijn eerste rapport uitbracht in 1990 hebben we significante vooruitgang gezien in de levens van miljarden mensen wereldwijd. Toen leefde ongeveer 35% van de mensheid in extreme armoede; vandaag de dag is dat minder dan 11%. Overeenkomstig is het aantal kinderen dat sterft voor zijn vijfde gehalveerd, gedeeltelijk omdat een extra twee miljard mensen nu profiteren van betere sanitatie en een bredere toegang tot drinkwater.

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