寻访吸血鬼

在东欧地区的民间传说中,吸血鬼由死人演化而来,是黑夜中才出现的吸血生物。我们知道家喻户晓的吸血鬼来自特兰西瓦尼亚,名叫德拉克拉,长者像蝙蝠一样长长的犬齿,白天躺在棺材里,以咬颈饮血为生。

可我们是怎么知道德拉克拉和吸血鬼的呢?这个地区神话到底是怎么成长为现代西方最为悠久的文化元素?

历史上的德拉克拉名叫弗拉德·泰普斯,根本就不是什么吸血鬼。弗拉德生于1431年,从1448起任今天罗马尼亚南部Walachei的Woiwode王子,时常与奥特曼帝国、匈牙利国王马希亚斯·科维努斯和萨克逊的特兰西瓦尼亚城发生冲突。尽管他在对奥特曼的战争中取得了重大胜利,却在一场战役中被科维努斯俘虏,并在1477年与奥特曼军队再燃战火时被杀害。

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