V Evropu nevěříme

MADRID – Kritikové Evropské unie už desítky let mluví o demokratickém deficitu. Nikdy jsem tuto výtku vůči EU a jejím institucím nepřijímala, ale vidím uvnitř unie nový a nebezpečný deficit – deficit důvěry, a to jak mezi vládami, tak i mezi občany různých členských zemí. Kdyby dnešní eurobankovky obsahovaly podobně jako dolary motto, mohlo by docela dobře znít: „V Evropu nevěříme.“

Tento nedostatek důvěry přivedl eurozónu na pokraj vnitřního zhroucení a zpochybňuje samotnou budoucnost evropské jednoty. Oblouk dějin EU jako by se skláněl ke katastrofě – právě k takové periodické evropské katastrofě, jakým měla integrace bránit. Jakkoliv to může znít nabubřele, rozpad eura a zmatek, který by zachvátil evropský projekt, nemluvě o celosvětových důsledcích, by znamenal srovnatelnou devastaci.

Deficitem evropské důvěry a důvěryhodnosti se však zabývá jen málo oficiálních prohlášení, natožpak politik. Současná krize obnažila původní mezery a prohlubující se praskliny v dohodě mezi evropskými občany a institucemi EU, mezi evropským severem a jihem i mezi evropskými národy a evropskými elitami.

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