В защиту банковского дела Швейцарии

ЖЕНЕВА. Лидеры «большой двадцатки» только что объявили, что «эра тайны банковских операций завершилась», и пригрозили судебными разбирательствами «юрисдикциям, не идущим на сотрудничество, в том числе «налоговым оазисам». Швейцарию к таким странам не отнесёшь, т.к. швейцарское правительство уже предложило усовершенствовать международное сотрудничество с помощью принятия стандарта ОБСЕ по международной административной помощи в вопросах налогообложения.

Чтобы оценить выгоды данного шага, важно знать предысторию. Швейцарские банки обязаны по закону соблюдать очень высокую степень конфиденциальности со всеми своими клиентами, как швейцарскими, так и иностранными. В Швейцарии любой банкир, раскрывший подробности операций своего клиента неуполномоченным на то третьим лицам, считается совершившим уголовное преступление.

Но данная конфиденциальность отношений банка с клиентом никогда не была на 100% абсолютной, и швейцарское законодательство абсолютно чётко оговаривает, что оно защищает, а что – нет. Оно не создаёт, например, никаких препятствий уголовным расследованиям.

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