Tunisia Chokri Mahjoub/Zuma Press

Memperbaiki Tata Kelola Pemerintahan di Dunia Arab

WASHINGTON, DC – Sebuah survei terbaru terhadap 100 thought leaders di negara-negara Arab yang dilakukan oleh Carnegie Endowment for International Peace mengungkapkan konsensus umum tentang pokok permasalahan di kawasan tersebut: lemahnya tata kelola pemerintahan yang baik. Sesungguhnya, para responden menegaskan masalah-masalah domestik akibat sejumlah kegagalan – otoritarianisme, korupsi, sistem pendidikan yang kuno, dan pengangguran – di tingkat regional, termasuk ancaman ISIS atau campur tangan dari raksasa di kawasan atau kekuatan eksternal.

Ini bukan informasi baru. Gerakan Arab Spring mengemukakan kelemahan kontrak sosial yang usang di tengah munculnya tantangan-tantangan baru dalam politik dan ekonomi. Sayangnya pemerintah di negara-negara Arab tidak juga tersadarkan.

Lima tahun setelah meletusnya pemberontakan tersebut, opini warga Arab tidak diperhitungkan – atau hanya berpengaruh sedikit – dalam pengaturan urusan negara. Selain itu, penduduk di kawasan tersebut bergantung pada ekonomi rentier yang tidak mampu menciptakan lapangan kerja yang cukup bagi kelompok penduduk muda dan berpendidikan. Mereka juga menghadapi kondisi yang mengkhawatirkan akibat tidak adanya supremasi hukum, sehingga tidak ada jaminan perlakuan yang sama dan adil bagi warga negara meskipun berbeda gender, asal-usul etnis atau agama.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/btl8djG/id;
  1. Chris J Ratcliffe/Getty Images

    The Brexit Surrender

    European Union leaders meeting in Brussels have given the go-ahead to talks with Britain on post-Brexit trade relations. But, as European Council President Donald Tusk has said, the most difficult challenge – forging a workable deal that secures broad political support on both sides – still lies ahead.

  2. The Great US Tax Debate

    ROBERT J. BARRO vs. JASON FURMAN & LAWRENCE H. SUMMERS on the impact of the GOP tax  overhaul.


    • Congressional Republicans are finalizing a tax-reform package that will reshape the business environment by lowering the corporate-tax rate and overhauling deductions. 

    • But will the plan's far-reaching changes provide the boost to investment and growth that its backers promise?


    ROBERT J. BARRO | How US Corporate Tax Reform Will Boost Growth

    JASON FURMAN & LAWRENCE H. SUMMERS | Robert Barro's Tax Reform Advocacy: A Response

  3. Murdoch's Last Stand?

    Rupert Murdoch’s sale of 21st Century Fox’s entertainment assets to Disney for $66 billion may mark the end of the media mogul’s career, which will long be remembered for its corrosive effect on democratic discourse on both sides of the Atlantic. 

    From enabling the rise of Donald Trump to hacking the telephone of a murdered British schoolgirl, Murdoch’s media empire has staked its success on stoking populist rage.

  4. Bank of England Leon Neal/Getty Images

    The Dangerous Delusion of Price Stability

    Since the hyperinflation of the 1970s, which central banks were right to combat by whatever means necessary, maintaining positive but low inflation has become a monetary-policy obsession. But, because the world economy has changed dramatically since then, central bankers have started to miss the monetary-policy forest for the trees.

  5. Harvard’s Jeffrey Frankel Measures the GOP’s Tax Plan

    Jeffrey Frankel, a professor at Harvard University’s Kennedy School of Government and a former member of President Bill Clinton’s Council of Economic Advisers, outlines the five criteria he uses to judge the efficacy of tax reform efforts. And in his view, the US Republicans’ most recent offering fails miserably.

  6. A box containing viles of human embryonic Stem Cell cultures Sandy Huffaker/Getty Images

    The Holy Grail of Genetic Engineering

    CRISPR-Cas – a gene-editing technique that is far more precise and efficient than any that has come before it – is poised to change the world. But ensuring that those changes are positive – helping to fight tumors and mosquito-borne illnesses, for example – will require scientists to apply the utmost caution.

  7. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now