Stephen Jaffe/IMF/Getty Images

В МВФ до сих пор не понимают сути кризиса евро

ВАШИНГТОН – В июле Независимый отдел оценки Международного валютного фонда (НОО МВФ) опубликовал большой доклад о том, как фонд справлялся с кризисом евро после 2010 года. Доклад НОО критически оценивает поведение фонда, но в нём, как и в предыдущих докладах-самооценках МВФ, упускаются из вида многие существенные вопросы.

В частности, НОО утверждает, что фонд стал заложником европейских интересов – едва ли стоит этому удивляться, ведь европейцы занимают треть мест в исполнительном совете фонда. Более того, фонд ошибся, допустив, что «Европа – это другой случай» и что «внезапные остановки притока капитала в еврозоне невозможны».

Во время финансового кризиса власти обязаны действовать быстро, им надо устранять проблемы, которые его вызвали, и восстанавливать доверие. Правительство США именно так и действовало осенью 2008 года; европейские лидеры, тем временем, долго медлили, но об этом аспекте кризиса НОО не захотел упоминать.

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