EEAS/Flickr

冷战还是冷计算?

纽约—乌克兰南部和东部暴力正在升级,并且看不见有什么解决方案,乌克兰危机也因此成为自2001年美国恐怖袭击所引发的后果以来最激烈的地缘政治冲突。美国领导的制裁战略既不能缓和西方与俄罗斯之间的紧张,也无助于陷入重重危机的乌克兰亲西方政府。但是,即使对俄制裁收紧并且乌克兰暴力升级,也绝非第二次冷战的开端。

美国对俄罗斯的侵略行为的应对方针是升级制裁,同时确保美国盟友保持管接。在最新的联合新闻发布会上,美国总统奥巴马和德国总理默克尔宣布了更低的增加制裁新门槛。此前的门槛是俄罗斯采取直接军事入侵;如今,正如默克尔所解释的,如果俄罗斯破坏5月25日的乌克兰选举,“进一步制裁将是无可避免的。”

但默克尔和奥巴马也降低了“进一步制裁”的标准。如今,制裁措施不再是针对俄罗斯经济大部的全面的部门措施——即对俄罗斯实施“伊朗式”制裁——而将逐步升级。选举门槛几乎必然会引发新一轮制裁,但制裁升级程度会更温和、更渐进。

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/I1gYKa8/zh;
  1. Chris J Ratcliffe/Getty Images

    The Brexit Surrender

    European Union leaders meeting in Brussels have given the go-ahead to talks with Britain on post-Brexit trade relations. But, as European Council President Donald Tusk has said, the most difficult challenge – forging a workable deal that secures broad political support on both sides – still lies ahead.

  2. The Great US Tax Debate

    ROBERT J. BARRO vs. JASON FURMAN & LAWRENCE H. SUMMERS on the impact of the GOP tax  overhaul.


    • Congressional Republicans are finalizing a tax-reform package that will reshape the business environment by lowering the corporate-tax rate and overhauling deductions. 

    • But will the plan's far-reaching changes provide the boost to investment and growth that its backers promise?


    ROBERT J. BARRO | How US Corporate Tax Reform Will Boost Growth

    JASON FURMAN & LAWRENCE H. SUMMERS | Robert Barro's Tax Reform Advocacy: A Response

  3. Murdoch's Last Stand?

    Rupert Murdoch’s sale of 21st Century Fox’s entertainment assets to Disney for $66 billion may mark the end of the media mogul’s career, which will long be remembered for its corrosive effect on democratic discourse on both sides of the Atlantic. 

    From enabling the rise of Donald Trump to hacking the telephone of a murdered British schoolgirl, Murdoch’s media empire has staked its success on stoking populist rage.

  4. Bank of England Leon Neal/Getty Images

    The Dangerous Delusion of Price Stability

    Since the hyperinflation of the 1970s, which central banks were right to combat by whatever means necessary, maintaining positive but low inflation has become a monetary-policy obsession. But, because the world economy has changed dramatically since then, central bankers have started to miss the monetary-policy forest for the trees.

  5. Harvard’s Jeffrey Frankel Measures the GOP’s Tax Plan

    Jeffrey Frankel, a professor at Harvard University’s Kennedy School of Government and a former member of President Bill Clinton’s Council of Economic Advisers, outlines the five criteria he uses to judge the efficacy of tax reform efforts. And in his view, the US Republicans’ most recent offering fails miserably.

  6. A box containing viles of human embryonic Stem Cell cultures Sandy Huffaker/Getty Images

    The Holy Grail of Genetic Engineering

    CRISPR-Cas – a gene-editing technique that is far more precise and efficient than any that has come before it – is poised to change the world. But ensuring that those changes are positive – helping to fight tumors and mosquito-borne illnesses, for example – will require scientists to apply the utmost caution.

  7. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now