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文化如何塑造人类进化过程

圣安德鲁斯——人类最伟大的成就——包括技术、科学和艺术——究竟存不存在能追溯到动物行为根源的进化解释?我30年前最先提出这个问题,之后就一直努力试图做出解释。

很多动物能够使用工具、发出信号、互相模仿,并能记住过去发生的事。有些甚至发展出某种习得传统,比如只吃特定食物或唱某种类型的歌——这些行为在某种程度上类似于人类的文化。

但这与人类的心理能力却相去甚远。我们生活在围绕语言编码规则和社会制度组织起来、并高度依赖技术的复杂社会。我们设计出飞机、芯片和疫苗。我们创作出故事、歌曲和十四行诗。我们在天鹅湖翩翩起舞。

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