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东亚地区人力资本的开发经验

发自首尔——纳尔逊·曼德拉曾经说过:“教育是改变世界的最有力武器。”教育不仅能改善一个人的生活;还能充实对一个经济体实现繁荣和社会进步至关重要的人力资本。

而最能体现人力资本的经济发展价值之处莫过于东亚。世界银行最近推出的“人力资本指数”(一个包含存活率,按学习质量调整的学校教育年数以及健康状况的复合指标,覆盖157个国家和地区)中的头四名都被新加坡,韩国,日本,和香港这些东亚经济体所占据。

根据上述新指数的估算,当今出生在新加坡的孩子在接受全套教育且身体健康的情况下长大成人后能发挥出88%的生产潜力。相比之下一个出生在撒哈拉以南非洲的孩子只能实现40%的生产潜力。在全球范围内,今天出生的所有儿童中也只有57%能在成人后发挥出50%的生产潜力。

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