La oportunidad de Hu

La próxima visita del Presidente de China, Hu Jintao, a los Estados Unidos, que se aplazó a raíz del huracán Katrina, será diferente de anteriores reuniones bilaterales. Esta vez, los presidentes de esos dos países se reunirán en un momento en que en los Estados Unidos se presta una intensa atención a la balanza comercial EE.UU.-China y a otras cuestiones económicas, como la protección de los derechos de propiedad intelectual.

En vista de que el año pasado el superávit comercial de China con los EE.UU. alcanzó los 200.000 millones de dólares, en este último país aumenta la sensación de que será necesario adoptar medidas firmes al respecto. Algunos han indicado que el desequilibrio comercial se debe a la fijación de la divisa de China al dólar de los EE.UU. En un reciente proyecto de ley del Congreso se ha pedido que se imponga un arancel punitivo del 27,5 por ciento a las importaciones procedentes de China.

De hecho, el desequilibrio comercial es más complicado que la cuestión de las divisas per se. La mundialización ha fortalecido la capacidad del capital para lanzarse a las inversiones que prometan los réditos más elevados; asimismo, los productos manufacturados competitivos procedentes de economías en las que los salarios son bajos correrán en la dirección contraria. Ésa es la razón por la que China fascina a los inversores americanos, entre otros, y por la que los consumidores de los EE.UU. compran los productos chinos.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.


Log in;
  1. China corruption Isaac Lawrence/Getty Images

    The Next Battle in China’s War on Corruption

    • Chinese President Xi Jinping knows well the threat that corruption poses to the authority of the Communist Party of China and the state it controls. 
    • But moving beyond Xi's anti-corruption purge to build robust and lasting anti-graft institutions will not be easy, owing to enduring opportunities for bureaucratic capture.
  2. Italy unemployed demonstration SalvatoreEsposito/Barcroftimages / Barcroft Media via Getty Images

    Putting Europe’s Long-Term Unemployed Back to Work

    Across the European Union, millions of people who are willing and able to work have been unemployed for a year or longer, at great cost to social cohesion and political stability. If the EU is serious about stopping the rise of populism, it will need to do more to ensure that labor markets are working for everyone.

  3. Latin America market Federico Parra/Getty Images

    A Belt and Road for the Americas?

    In a time of global uncertainty, a vision of “made in the Americas” prosperity provides a unifying agenda for the continent. If implemented, the US could reassert its historical leadership among a group of countries that share its fundamental values, as well as an interest in inclusive economic growth and rising living standards.

  4. Startup office Mladlen Antonov/Getty Images

    How Best to Promote Research and Development

    Clearly, there is something appealing about a start-up-based innovation strategy: it feels democratic, accessible, and so California. But it is definitely not the only way to boost research and development, or even the main way, and it is certainly not the way most major innovations in the US came about during the twentieth century.

  5. Trump Trade speech Bill Pugliano/Getty Images .

    Preparing for the Trump Trade Wars

    In the first 11 months of his presidency, Donald Trump has failed to back up his words – or tweets – with action on a variety of fronts. But the rest of the world's governments, and particularly those in Asia and Europe, would be mistaken to assume that he won't follow through on his promised "America First" trade agenda.