Насколько едина "новая Европа"?

С точки зрения давних членов Европейского Союза восемь посткоммунистических стран, вступивших наряду с Кипром и Мальтой в ЕС 1-го мая текущего года, едины в своих позициях по самым важным вопросам. Действительно, со времени интервенции США в Ирак многие представители Западной Европы рассматривают новых членов ЕС как единый блок.

Разделение министром обороны США Дональдом Рамсфелдом Европы на "новую" и "старую" было, прежде всего, ловким ходом, который помог администрации Буша провести свою политику, используя древнюю стратегию "разделяй и властвуй". Но, обратив внимание на реальные различия между старыми и новыми членами ЕС, такое разделение способствовало укреплению ложного представления, что новые члены ЕС имеют сходные политические позиции и интересы. Замечания Рамсфелда имели разобщающее действие, поскольку показали, что Западная Европа знает восточную половину Европы гораздо хуже американцев.

В действительности между новыми членами ЕС существуют большие различия. Даже в отношении Ирака не было единства мнений и позиций. В то время как некоторые страны, как, скажем, Польша, решительно поддержали военные планы Америки, другие постарались уравновесить свою поддержку США проявлением "понимания" по отношению к взглядам Германии и Франции. В то время как некоторые, как, например, Словения, встали на сторону "старой Европы".

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