battle for kobane syria Huseyin Sari/ZumaPress

Sobre cómo luchar contra el Estado islámico

CAMBRIDGE – El Estado Islámico ha captado la atención del mundo con unos vídeos horripilantes de decapitaciones, destrucción gratuita de antigüedades y una hábil utilización de los medios de comunicación social. También ha conquistado una gran parte de la Siria oriental y del Iraq occidental, ha proclamado un califato con base en Al Raqa (Siria) y ha atraído a yijadistas extranjeros de todo el mundo.

El Presidente de los Estados Unidos, Barack Obama, dice que se debe debilitar y en última instancia derrotar al Estado Islámico. Ha nombrado al general John Allen para que encabece una coalición de unos sesenta países para ese fin, recurriendo a ataques aéreos, fuerzas especiales y misiones de formación. Algunos críticos quieren que envíe más tropas americanas; otros dicen que los Estados Unidos deben limitarse a formular una doctrina de contención.

En la actual campaña electoral de los EE.UU., algunos candidatos están pidiendo "botas en el terreno”. Tienen razón: hacen falta botas, pero los soldados que las calcen deben ser árabes y turcos suníes, no americanos. Y con eso está dicho mucho sobre la triple amenaza que los EE.UU. y sus aliados afrontan ahora.

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