Jorge Fernandez/ Getty Images

Jak skoncovat s hladem

ISTANBUL/KUALA LUMPUR – Loni v září se vedoucí světoví představitelé v rámci Cílů trvale udržitelného rozvoje (SDG) Organizace spojených národů zavázali, že do roku 2030 skoncují s chudobou. Zní to jako obrovský projekt. Ve skutečnosti však svět už dnes produkuje tolik potravin, že by to stačilo na nasycení všech obyvatel zeměkoule. Proč tedy tento problém přetrvává?

Chudoba a hlad jsou úzce provázané, a proto si SDG vytkly za cíl eliminovat obojí. Pro člověka žijícího na Světovou bankou stanovené hranici chudoby ve výši 1,90 dolaru denně představují náklady na potraviny přibližně 50-70% celkových příjmů. Světová banka odhaduje, že téměř čtyři pětiny chudých lidí světa žijí ve venkovských oblastech, ačkoliv tyto oblasti obývá méně než polovina světové populace. Z toho lze vyvodit očividný závěr, že k vymýcení hladu je zapotřebí podstatně zvýšit příjmy venkovanů.

To nebude snadné. Většina rozvojových zemí se dnes potýká s vysokou mírou nezaměstnanosti a podzaměstnanosti. A při současných neveselých ekonomických vyhlídkách, zejména kvůli nízkým cenám komodit a pokračujícímu vynucování fiskálních úsporných opatření na většině míst, se tlaky na venkovské příjmy pravděpodobně ještě zvýší.

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