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¿Cuán alarmante es la tecnología disruptiva?

CAMBRIDGE – La oleada constante de mejoras en los vehículos autónomos me han convencido de que, dentro de poco, las carreteras estarán llenas de coches y camiones que funcionarán sin seres humanos al volante. Del mismo modo, estoy convencido de que la revolución de la inteligencia artificial permitirá que computadoras y robots hagan muchas de las tareas que hoy hacen los trabajadores administrativos.

No sorprende, por lo tanto, que muchas personas teman por el destino de aquellos cuyos empleos son vulnerables -o ya han sido perdidos- como consecuencia de la última tecnología disruptiva. ¿Qué sucederá con los millones de hombres y mujeres que hoy conducen camiones y taxis cuando los camiones y los taxis puedan conducirse por sí solos? ¿Qué sucederá con los contadores y los trabajadores de la salud cuando las computadoras hagan sus trabajos?

Algunos analistas han estimado que, cuando hagan falta muchos menos empleados para producir el volumen actual de bienes y servicios, un gran porcentaje del empleo actual podría volverse redundante.

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