竞争因素

布鲁塞尔/墨西哥城—2008年全球经济衰退开始以来,争论一直集中在解决危机、创造复苏的宏观经济战略和工具上。但纠正失衡和解决短期减速或衰退虽然重要,并不应该压倒为稳健可持续的经济增长创造长期条件的需要。

目前,宏观经济政策既被指为经济问题的罪魁,也是克服经济问题的希望。但我们应该把同样多的注意力放在微观经济问题上,比如激励不振、市场失灵和监管短缺,这是导致衰退的最初原因。

事实上,正如金融部门的微观经济问题触发了信贷动荡、助长了全球衰退,微观经济因素也是复苏的关键。许多经济需要修正金融部门、重塑信用,更多的国家需要提升生产率以提振增长、创造就业。

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