Насколько нова «новая внешняя политика» Египта?

КАИР. Спустя несколько месяцев после отставки президента Египта Хосни Мубарака его преемники объявили о переменах во внешней политике путем налаживания отношений с бывшими противниками. Правительство Египта приветствовало иранских дипломатов и распростерло объятия палестинской группировке «Хамас». Многие интерпретируют такие шаги как явное доказательство стремления Египта к дипломатии, которая не подчиняется американским интересам.

Однако Мубарак никогда полностью не соответствовал представлению его недоброжелателей как американского лакея. В действительности первостепенное место в мыслях Мубарака занимала необходимость угождать его благотворителям из Саудовской Аравии, а не из Соединенных Штатов. Хотя он иногда и поддерживал политику США, Мубарак часто давал США отпор, когда их позиции не согласовывались с его собственными.

После окончания войны октября 1973 года арабо-израильский мир был краеугольным камнем повестки дня Америки на Ближнем Востоке. США часто смотрели на Египет, наиболее важную и влиятельную арабскую страну, как на ведущего игрока в содействии достижения этой цели. И, когда ему это было выгодно, Мубарак сыграл свою роль. Когда покойный палестинский лидер Ясир Арафат унизил Мубарака перед госсекретарем США и международными средствами массовой информации, отказавшись подписывать приложения к израильско-палестинскому соглашению, согласованные в Каире, Мубарак сказал ему: «Подписывай, сукин сын»!

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