Paul Lachine

多少才是够?

伦敦——

由于经济形势的恶化,人们普遍把愤怒都对准银行家的“贪婪”和他们“数目大的惊人”奖金。于是出现了对所谓“发展至上论”——即不惜一切代价地追求经济增长,而不考虑对地球环境所造成的损害——批评之声。

凯恩斯在1930年就说过这个问题,在他的一篇名为《我们后代的经济可能性》一文中,他预测在100年之后,即到了2030年,发达国家的增长将趋于停滞,因为人们的生活水平已经足够好了。到那时,每人一天只需工作3个小时,也就是一周15个小时的工作。人类将更像“生活在花的海洋里,再也不要连轴转地辛苦工作。”

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