Как Европа может спасти Европу

ЛОНДОН. На встрече в Риме в прошлый четверг лидеры четырех крупнейших экономик еврозоны договорились о шагах к банковскому союзу и скромному пакету стимулирующих мер в дополнение к новому «фискальному договору» Европейского Союза. Но этих шагов недостаточно.

Канцлер Германии Ангела Меркель сопротивлялась всем предложениям по оказанию помощи Испании и Италии, чтобы уменьшить чрезмерные премии за риск, с которыми сталкиваются сегодня обе страны. В итоге, предстоящий саммит ЕС может обернуться фиаско, которое вполне может оказаться смертельным, поскольку оно оставит остальную еврозону без достаточно сильного финансового брандмауэра для защиты от возможного выхода Греции.

Даже если получится избежать фатального бедствия, разделение на страны-кредиторы и страны-должники усилится, и у «периферийных» стран не останется шансов вернуть себе конкурентоспособность, поскольку игровое поле будет наклонено против них. Это может послужить узким интересам Германии, но это создаст Европу, сильно отличающуюся от открытого общества, которое вдохновляло воображение людей и двигало европейскую интеграцию на протяжении десятилетий. Это сделает Германию центром империи и навсегда подчинит «периферию». Это не то, за что выступает Меркель или подавляющее большинство немцев.

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