赈灾的有效性

当灾难袭来,非政府组织(NGO)总是最先到达现场。据联合国估计,现在共有37000多家国际NGO,重要的捐助者对它们的依赖也与日俱增。

当然问题是不可避免的。在1994年的卢旺达种族大屠杀和2004年的印度洋海啸中,都出现了NGO无序竞争的情况。然而它们也取得了令人瞩目的成功。在90个国家运作的超过1400家NGO推动123个国家批准了禁止使用地雷的公约。但赈灾“业”本身的规模—加上NGO长期发展的努力—正引起对其进行绩效评估的严重关注。

灵活性使NGO们具备联合国这样的组织通常难以具备的创新能力。但国际上鲜有对NGO的合法定义,缺乏控制也可能导致不可预测的后果。最近在乍得,法国NGO“ 佐伊的方舟 ”企图在未经当事儿童的父母和该国政府许可的情况下就私自将其带出境外。

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

To read this article from our archive, please log in or register now. After entering your email, you'll have access to two free articles every month. For unlimited access to Project Syndicate, subscribe now.

required

By proceeding, you agree to our Terms of Service and Privacy Policy, which describes the personal data we collect and how we use it.

Log in

http://prosyn.org/rALRHbM/zh;

Cookies and Privacy

We use cookies to improve your experience on our website. To find out more, read our updated cookie policy and privacy policy.