Cómo surgen las superpotencias económicas

Los disturbios anti-Japón a lo largo de China han elevado las tensiones en Asia. En efecto, la chinamanía, una mezcla de esperanzas pero sobre todo de temores está recorriendo el mundo debido al rápido crecimiento económico de China. ¿ Debe el mundo realmente estar más temeroso que esperanzado?

Los estadounidenses temen que sus mercados se inunden con los productos chinos. México, Brasil, Europa Central, Indonesia, y hasta Sri Lanka están preocupados por la competencia de la mano de obra barata. Los europeos pueden estar más contentos, con la creencia de que el mercado chino no sólo se abrirá a sus productos de ingeniería y a las herramientas y maquinaria que abastecerán al nuevo taller del mundo, sino también a los productos de lujo y hasta al turismo que demanda una nueva y pudiente clase media china. Todos sienten que se está dando un cambio sísmico.

Tales crecimientos industriales rápidos son poco frecuentes pero no inauditos. Las analogías más interesantes son la de Alemania, en el siglo XIX, y la de Japón en el siglo XX. Antes de esas épocas, Inglaterra era el prodigio de Europa. Lo que había sido una isla con mal clima en las costas del continente surgió como la principal economía del mundo, cuyos productos, desde los textiles hasta los equipos para ferrocarriles llegaron a dominar los mercados mundiales. Inglaterra fue pionera de la industrialización y quedó profundamente conmocionada por el atrevimiento de los recién llegados que pronto ingresaron a la misma etapa.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.


Log in

  1. Patrick Kovarik/Getty Images

    The Summit of Climate Hopes

    Presidents, prime ministers, and policymakers gather in Paris today for the One Planet Summit. But with no senior US representative attending, is the 2015 Paris climate agreement still viable?

  2. Trump greets his supporters The Washington Post/Getty Images

    Populist Plutocracy and the Future of America

    • In the first year of his presidency, Donald Trump has consistently sold out the blue-collar, socially conservative whites who brought him to power, while pursuing policies to enrich his fellow plutocrats. 

    • Sooner or later, Trump's core supporters will wake up to this fact, so it is worth asking how far he might go to keep them on his side.
  3. Agents are bidding on at the auction of Leonardo da Vinci's 'Salvator Mundi' Eduardo Munoz Alvarez/Getty Images

    The Man Who Didn’t Save the World

    A Saudi prince has been revealed to be the buyer of Leonardo da Vinci's "Salvator Mundi," for which he spent $450.3 million. Had he given the money to the poor, as the subject of the painting instructed another rich man, he could have restored eyesight to nine million people, or enabled 13 million families to grow 50% more food.

  4.  An inside view of the 'AknRobotics' Anadolu Agency/Getty Images

    Two Myths About Automation

    While many people believe that technological progress and job destruction are accelerating dramatically, there is no evidence of either trend. In reality, total factor productivity, the best summary measure of the pace of technical change, has been stagnating since 2005 in the US and across the advanced-country world.

  5. A student shows a combo pictures of three dictators, Austrian born Hitler, Castro and Stalin with Viktor Orban Attila Kisbenedek/Getty Images

    The Hungarian Government’s Failed Campaign of Lies

    The Hungarian government has released the results of its "national consultation" on what it calls the "Soros Plan" to flood the country with Muslim migrants and refugees. But no such plan exists, only a taxpayer-funded propaganda campaign to help a corrupt administration deflect attention from its failure to fulfill Hungarians’ aspirations.

  6. Project Syndicate

    DEBATE: Should the Eurozone Impose Fiscal Union?

    French President Emmanuel Macron wants European leaders to appoint a eurozone finance minister as a way to ensure the single currency's long-term viability. But would it work, and, more fundamentally, is it necessary?

  7. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now