¿Cómo afecta el dólar débil los precios del petróleo?

En todo el mundo, existe un lamento quejoso sobre el elevado precio del petróleo. Pero si los líderes y estrategas políticos quieren bajar los precios del petróleo, deberían promover políticas que fortalezcan el dólar.

Las implicancias de cotizar el petróleo en una moneda única son mucho más significativas de lo que la mayoría de la gente piensa. Por ejemplo, algunos países productores de petróleo les piden a sus clientes que paguen en euros, pero eso no significa que su petróleo esté cotizado en euros. Y aún si los precios en dólares fueran reemplazados por precios en euros, el impacto en el mercado petrolero de una cotización en una moneda única sería el mismo.

Mientras que los países exportadores de petróleo reciben ingresos en dólares (o su equivalente en euros), utilizan diferentes monedas para importar bienes y servicios de varios países. Cualquier modificación en el tipo de cambio del dólar afecta el poder adquisitivo de estos países y, por lo tanto, su ingreso real.

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