La amenaza de Hong Kong para China

El eco de las manifestaciones de masas habidas en Hong Kong el mes pasado, cuando medio millón de residentes salieron en tropel a las calles para protestar contra el gobierno del Jefe Ejecutivo Tung Chee-hwa, aún no se ha apagado. Nunca en la historia de Hong Kong había levantado tanto la voz la oposición popular, que agrupa a banqueros de inversión, vendedores ambulantes, funcionarios fuera de servicio y artistas, entre otros. Los gobernantes comunistas de China están vacilando sobre cómo reaccionar.

Un objetivo de los manifestantes era expresar su deseo de elegir a los dirigentes futuros de Hong Kong mediante sufragio universal. En la actualidad 800 electores nombrados a dedo por el Gobierno chino del continente -la mayoría de los cuales representan a los grandes comerciantes- eligen al Jefe Ejecutivo de Hong Kong.

La impopularidad del incompetente y lisonjero Jefe Ejecutivo, elegido por China para un segundo mandato de cinco años, que no concluirá hasta 2007, plantea un grave dilema a los gobernantes comunistas del país. Antes de las protestas de julio, esperaban que Hong Kong brindara un ejemplo tan atractivo de la idea de ``Un país, dos sistemas'', que Taiwán se sintiera atraída por él y aceptase la soberanía del Gobierno de Beijing. Ahora los dirigentes de Taiwán señalan a Hong Kong como un modelo fallido de una concepción inadecuada.

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