Anadolu Agency/Jakarta

(不)平等性简史

伯克利—伯克利经济学家巴里·艾肯格林(Barry Eichengreen)最近在里斯本发表了关于不平等性的讲话。这番讲话体现了作为经济理论学者的优点之一。和我一样,艾肯格林欣然接受每一种状态的复杂性,避免为了追求概念的明晰性而过度简化。这一倾向是因为想要比通过简单的模型所能了解的程度更多地解释世界。

对艾肯格林来说,在不平等性这个话题上,他发现在过去250年中有六大主要(first-order)过程在起作用。

首先是1750年到1850年间英国收入分配的扩大,英国工业革命所产生的收益流向了城市和乡村中产阶级,而不是城市和乡村穷人。

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