Margaret Scott

Historia, usada y abusada

LONDRES – En su brillante libro "Los usos y abusos de la historia", la historiadora Margaret Macmillan cuenta un relato sobre dos norteamericanos que discuten las atrocidades del 11 de septiembre de 2001. Uno hace una analogía con Pearl Harbor, el ataque de Japón a Estados Unidos en 1941. Su amigo no tiene idea de a qué se refiere. "Ya sabes", responde el primer hombre. "Fue cuando los vietnamitas bombardearon la flota estadounidense y se inició la Guerra de Vietnam".

La memoria histórica no siempre es así de mala. Pero la política y la diplomacia internacional están plagadas de ejemplos de antecedentes malos y nada recomendables que se utilizan para justificar decisiones de política exterior, que invariablemente derivan en una catástrofe.

Munich -el encuentro de 1938 entre Adolf Hitler, Édouard Daladier, Neville Chamberlain y Benito Mussolini- es un testigo frecuente convocado ante la corte por los políticos que intentan defender la causa de las aventuras en el exterior. Siempre se habló de la desastrosa invasión británica de Egipto en 1956 como si Gamal Nasser fuera un retroceso a los dictadores fascistas de los años 1930. Si lo fueran a apaciguar como los habían apaciguado a ellos, los resultados serían catastróficos en Oriente Medio.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/LnCSZaE/es;
  1. China corruption Isaac Lawrence/Getty Images

    The Next Battle in China’s War on Corruption

    • Chinese President Xi Jinping knows well the threat that corruption poses to the authority of the Communist Party of China and the state it controls. 
    • But moving beyond Xi's anti-corruption purge to build robust and lasting anti-graft institutions will not be easy, owing to enduring opportunities for bureaucratic capture.
  2. Italy unemployed demonstration SalvatoreEsposito/Barcroftimages / Barcroft Media via Getty Images

    Putting Europe’s Long-Term Unemployed Back to Work

    Across the European Union, millions of people who are willing and able to work have been unemployed for a year or longer, at great cost to social cohesion and political stability. If the EU is serious about stopping the rise of populism, it will need to do more to ensure that labor markets are working for everyone.

  3. Latin America market Federico Parra/Getty Images

    A Belt and Road for the Americas?

    In a time of global uncertainty, a vision of “made in the Americas” prosperity provides a unifying agenda for the continent. If implemented, the US could reassert its historical leadership among a group of countries that share its fundamental values, as well as an interest in inclusive economic growth and rising living standards.

  4. Startup office Mladlen Antonov/Getty Images

    How Best to Promote Research and Development

    Clearly, there is something appealing about a start-up-based innovation strategy: it feels democratic, accessible, and so California. But it is definitely not the only way to boost research and development, or even the main way, and it is certainly not the way most major innovations in the US came about during the twentieth century.

  5. Trump Trade speech Bill Pugliano/Getty Images .

    Preparing for the Trump Trade Wars

    In the first 11 months of his presidency, Donald Trump has failed to back up his words – or tweets – with action on a variety of fronts. But the rest of the world's governments, and particularly those in Asia and Europe, would be mistaken to assume that he won't follow through on his promised "America First" trade agenda.