man lying on pavement Giorgos Georgiou/NurPhoto via Getty Images

Una sobredosis de heterodoxia puede ser letal

CAMBRIDGE – Desde la crisis financiera de 2008, ha sido común criticar a los economistas por no haber predicho el desastre, por haber dado recetas erróneas para evitarlo, o por no haber podido arreglarlo luego de sucedido. Los llamados a nuevas formas de  pensamiento económico han sido persistentes –y justificados–. Pero todo lo nuevo puede que no sea bueno, y que todo lo bueno no sea nuevo.

El aniversario número 50 de la Revolución Cultural china constituye un recordatorio de lo que puede pasar cuando se tira por la borda toda la ortodoxia. La actual catástrofe de Venezuela es otro: un país que debería ser rico está sufriendo la peor recesión, la inflación más alta y el peor deterioro de los indicadores sociales del mundo. Sus ciudadanos, que habitan sobre las reservas petrolíferas más grandes de la Tierra, literalmente están pasando hambre y muriéndose por falta de alimentos y medicinas.

Cuando este desastre se estaba desarrollando, Venezuela recibió elogios por parte de la Organización de las Naciones Unidas para la Alimentación y la Agricultura, de la Comisión Económica para América Latina, del líder del Partido Laborista británico, Jeremy Corbin, del expresidente de Brasil, Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, y del estadounidense Center for Economic Policy Research [Centro de Investigación de Política Económica], entre otros.

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