kiev in winter mariusz kluzniak/Flickr

Живое наследие Хельсинки

ВЕНА – Сорок лет назад Совещание по безопасности и сотрудничеству в Европе завершилось подписанием Заключительного Хельсинкского акта, ставшего историческим триумфом сотрудничества над противостоянием и создавшего условия для окончания Холодной войны. Это соглашение продемонстрировало революционный подход к теме всеобщей безопасности, а также к двусторонним и многосторонним отношениям. Участники соглашения признали прямую связь между военно-политическими проблемами и вопросами прав человека, а также то, что эта связь является фундаментальным компонентом мира и сотрудничества.

Именно поэтому, когда Сербии доверили председательство в течение 2015 года в Организации по безопасности и сотрудничеству в Европе (ОБСЕ), выросшей на базе Хельсинкских договоренностей, мы намеревались праздновать многочисленные достижения этого соглашения, достигнутые за 40 лет. Однако этот юбилей обрел новое значение на фоне возобновления вооруженных конфликтов в Европе, которые противоречат фундаментальным принципам Заключительного Хельсинкского акта.

Кризис в Украине на самом деле лишь подчеркнул прочность принципов Заключительного акта. Укрепить европейскую безопасность можно лишь одним способом – достигнув долгосрочного урегулирования, основанного на этих принципах. И на самом деле, если бы эти принципы соблюдались, нынешний кризис в Украине вообще бы не случился.

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