Sanar a Bolivia

BUENOS AIRES – Desde el siglo 19, América Latina ha sufrido menos guerras entre estados y en ella se han creado menos estados que en cualquier otra región del mundo. El continente ha sido una periferia relativamente tranquila, ya que sus países no tienden a luchar entre si ni a fragmentarse. Sin embargo, puede que Bolivia termine siendo la excepción a esta última tendencia.

Un referendo sobre autonomía, que fue aprobado en la provincia oriental de Santa Cruz, ha generado temores acerca de una posible secesión de la región. Esta provincia, que es relativamente rica, está controlada por la oposición, posee diversidad étnica y es más conservadora, además de disfrutar de fértiles llanuras e hidrocarburos, votó por la autonomía por amplio margen. Las fuerzas antigubernamentales más entusiastas de Santa Cruz se ven impacientes por que se produzca la división. Y los referendos recientes en las provincias amazónicas de Beni y Pando parecen haber exacerbado esta sensación de potencial fractura de la nación.

Un ingrediente clave de este bullente conflicto es el factor étnico, cuya prominencia se hizo evidente incluso antes de la elección del Presidente Evo Morales en 2005. La combinación de grupos indígenas vociferantes y altamente organizados (los amerindios, ubicados en gran parte en las planicies occidentales de Bolivia, representan un 55% de la población) y la decreciente influencia de las elites tradicionales en una época de deterioro socioeconómico, ha creado una sociedad en la que hay más perdedores que ganadores. El referendo marcó una confluencia crítica de las divisiones sociales, regionales y políticas de Bolivia.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/RMy4YEh/es;
  1. An employee works at a chemical fiber weaving company VCG/Getty Images

    China in the Lead?

    For four decades, China has achieved unprecedented economic growth under a centralized, authoritarian political system, far outpacing growth in the Western liberal democracies. So, is Chinese President Xi Jinping right to double down on authoritarianism, and is the “China model” truly a viable rival to Western-style democratic capitalism?

  2. The assembly line at Ford Bill Pugliano/Getty Images

    Whither the Multilateral Trading System?

    The global economy today is dominated by three major players – China, the EU, and the US – with roughly equal trading volumes and limited incentive to fight for the rules-based global trading system. With cooperation unlikely, the world should prepare itself for the erosion of the World Trade Organization.

  3. Donald Trump Saul Loeb/Getty Images

    The Globalization of Our Discontent

    Globalization, which was supposed to benefit developed and developing countries alike, is now reviled almost everywhere, as the political backlash in Europe and the US has shown. The challenge is to minimize the risk that the backlash will intensify, and that starts by understanding – and avoiding – past mistakes.

  4. A general view of the Corn Market in the City of Manchester Christopher Furlong/Getty Images

    A Better British Story

    Despite all of the doom and gloom over the United Kingdom's impending withdrawal from the European Union, key manufacturing indicators are at their highest levels in four years, and the mood for investment may be improving. While parts of the UK are certainly weakening economically, others may finally be overcoming longstanding challenges.

  5. UK supermarket Waring Abbott/Getty Images

    The UK’s Multilateral Trade Future

    With Brexit looming, the UK has no choice but to redesign its future trading relationships. As a major producer of sophisticated components, its long-term trade strategy should focus on gaining deep and unfettered access to integrated cross-border supply chains – and that means adopting a multilateral approach.

  6. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now