Chris Van Es

Cosecha de suicidio

NUEVA DELHI – Una epidemia de suicidios de agricultores se ha propagado por cuatro estados de la India -Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka y Punjab- a lo largo de la última década. De acuerdo con los datos oficiales, más de 160.000 agricultores se han suicidado en la India desde 1997.

Estos suicidios son más frecuentes donde los agricultores siembran algodón, y parecen directamente relacionados con la presencia de monopolios de semillas. Porque la oferta de semillas de algodón en la India ha pasado cada vez más de manos de los agricultores a manos de productores globales de semillas como Monsanto. Estas corporaciones gigantes han comenzado a controlar a las compañías de semillas locales a través de adquisiciones, sociedades conjuntas y acuerdos de licencias, lo que conduce a monopolios de semillas.

Cuando sucede esto, la semilla se transforma y pasa de ser un bien común para convertirse en la "propiedad intelectual" de empresas como Monsanto, para las cuales la corporación puede reclamar ganancias ilimitadas a través de pagos de regalías. Para los agricultores, esto significa más deuda.

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