历史和欧洲

普林斯顿—历史很重要,但是以不同的方式。对一些地区和一些人来说,历史的含义是影响深远的地缘政治因素决定的永恒的冲突:四百年前和现在别无二致。对其他地区和其他人来说,历史意味着需要找到摆脱远古先例和陈旧偏见的方法。这一分歧决定了目前欧洲内外所存在的思想战争。

今年是第一次世界大战爆发一百周年几年,数十种对这场“终结所有战争的战争”的新分析纷纷出场亮相。寻找帝国欧洲的自满的当代继承者是一件颇有兴味的事情,特别其是坚定的信念——世界是互相联系、繁荣昌盛的,任何倒退都是不可想象的。如今,尽管全球供应链带来了巨大的文明效应,但叙利亚和南海等火药桶仍有可能引爆全世界——一如1914年的波斯尼亚冲突。

反思一战遗产也是振兴时代思维的契机。在英国,教育达成迈克尔·戈夫(Michael Gove)最近引发了一场针对认为一战是徒劳的历史学家,称一战是为对抗“德国精英的一根筋的社会达尔文主义”的“正义的战争”。这似乎是对当代欧洲实力斗争的不太含蓄的暗示。

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/KzEIaMg/zh;
  1. Sean Gallup/Getty Images

    Angela Merkel’s Endgame?

    The collapse of coalition negotiations has left German Chancellor Angela Merkel facing a stark choice between forming a minority government or calling for a new election. But would a minority government necessarily be as bad as Germans have traditionally thought?

  2. Trump Trade speech Bill Pugliano/Getty Images .

    Preparing for the Trump Trade Wars

    In the first 11 months of his presidency, Donald Trump has failed to back up his words – or tweets – with action on a variety of fronts. But the rest of the world's governments, and particularly those in Asia and Europe, would be mistaken to assume that he won't follow through on his promised "America First" trade agenda.

  3. A GrabBike rider uses his mobile phone Bay Ismoyo/Getty Images

    The Platform Economy

    While developed countries in Europe, North America, and Asia are rapidly aging, emerging economies are predominantly youthful. Nigerian, Indonesian, and Vietnamese young people will shape global work trends at an increasingly rapid pace, bringing to bear their experience in dynamic informal markets on a tech-enabled gig economy.

  4. Trump Mario Tama/Getty Images

    Profiles in Discouragement

    One day, the United States will turn the page on Donald Trump. But, as Americans prepare to observe their Thanksgiving holiday, they should reflect that their country's culture and global standing will never recover fully from the wounds that his presidency is inflicting on them.

  5. Mugabe kisses Grace JEKESAI NJIKIZANA/AFP/Getty Images

    How Women Shape Coups

    In Zimbabwe, as in all coups, much behind-the-scenes plotting continues to take place in the aftermath of the military's overthrow of President Robert Mugabe. But who the eventual winners and losers are may depend, among other things, on the gender of the plotters.

  6. Oil barrels Ahmad Al-Rubaye/Getty Images

    The Abnormality of Oil

    At the 2017 Abu Dhabi Petroleum Exhibition and Conference, the consensus among industry executives was that oil prices will still be around $60 per barrel in November 2018. But there is evidence to suggest that the uptick in global growth and developments in Saudi Arabia will push the price as high as $80 in the meantime.

  7. Israeli soldier Menahem Kahana/Getty Images

    The Saudi Prince’s Dangerous War Games

    Saudi Arabia’s Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman is working hard to consolidate power and establish his country as the Middle East’s only hegemon. But his efforts – which include an attempt to trigger a war between Israel and Hezbollah in Lebanon – increasingly look like the work of an immature gambler.