Hans-Werner Sinn, the Risks of transatlantic-trade partnership between Europe  and America, Trade Ship Dana Smillie/World Bank

Los escollos al libre comercio

MÚNICH – El Acuerdo Transatlántico de Comercio e Inversión (ATCI), que al presente es  objeto de intensas negociaciones entre la Unión Europea y Estados Unidos, está causando una gran conmoción. De hecho, dada la magnitud de las dos economías, que en conjunto representan más del 50% del PIB mundial y un tercio de los flujos mundiales de comercio, lo que se encuentra en juego es mucho. Con el fin de garantizar que el ATCI beneficie a los consumidores de ambos lados del Atlántico, aquellos que negocian deben reconocer y evitar varias trampas clave – algunas más evidentes que otras.

Los acuerdos comerciales bilaterales han ido ganando tracción últimamente. Por ejemplo, la UE y Canadá concluyeron recientemente un Acuerdo Económico y Comercial Global, que probablemente se convierta en la base para el ATCI.

Esto no es sorprendente, dado el reiterado fracaso de los intentos de llegar a un acuerdo global a través de la Organización Mundial del Comercio (OMC). Las negociaciones de la Ronda de Doha de la OMC fueron un fracaso, y el acuerdo alcanzado en Bali el año pasado, a pesar de anunciarse como un éxito, hace muy poco que acelerar la recaudación de aranceles aduaneros.

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