Paul Lachine

Зеленые деньги

НЬЮ-ЙОРК. Не приходится сомневаться, что зеленый будет символическим цветом, который предпочтут мировые лидеры, когда они соберутся на саммит «Большой двадцатки» в Питтсбурге. Внимание будет сконцентрировано на превращении «зеленых ростков» экономического выздоровления в устойчивый «зеленый рост», что приведет к «зеленой экономике», последовательной в своей цели защитить климат на планете.

Правительства в богатых странах как раз начинают разъяснять, что это будет означать в плане изменения политики и стиля жизни, а также инвестиций, необходимых для разработки источников экологически чистой энергии. Но чтобы иметь успех, «новая зеленая сделка» должна учесть некоторые значительные проблемы в развивающемся мире, где воздействие глобального потепления будет ощущаться в первую очередь и переноситься более тяжело, и где быстрый экономический рост требует широкого применения дешевой энергии.

Во всем мире каждый день потребляется объем первичной электроэнергии в эквиваленте, равном 30 миллионам тонн нефти, что составляет 55 киловатт-часов на человека в день, а в богатых странах, в среднем, потребление в два раза больше. Для многих развивающихся стран цифра намного меньше - 20 кВт/час; Китай потребляет все еще меньше, чем среднее мировое значение, и даже самые развивающиеся рынки потребляют менее одной третьей среднего значения во многих развитых странах.

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