Greece Mauro Orlando/Flickr

Un plan de acción para la recuperación de Grecia

ATENAS – Los meses de negociaciones entre nuestro gobierno y el Fondo Monetario Internacional, la Unión Europea y el Banco Central Europeo han producido pocos avances. Una de las razones es que todas las partes se están centrando demasiado en los compromisos que debe conllevar la próxima inyección de liquidez y no lo suficiente en una visión de cómo Grecia puede recuperarse y desarrollarse de forma sostenible. Si hemos de salir del estancamiento actual, tenemos que apuntar a lograr una economía griega saludable.

Para alcanzar una recuperación sostenible es necesario emprender reformas sinérgicas que destraben el considerable potencial del país y permitan su desarrollo mediante la eliminación de los cuellos de botella en varios ámbitos: inversión productiva, otorgamiento de créditos, innovación, competencia, seguridad social, administración pública, poder judicial, mercado laboral, producción cultural y, por último pero no menos importante, la gobernabilidad democrática.

Estos siete años de deflación por sobreendeudamiento, agravada por la perspectiva de una austeridad sin fin, han diezmado la inversión privada y pública y obligado a los bancos, sumidos en un estado de gran fragilidad y ansiedad, a dejar de otorgar préstamos. Ante una situación en que el gobierno no tiene margen de maniobra fiscal y los bancos griegos se encuentran agobiados por la morosidad, es importante movilizar los activos restantes del estado y destrabar el flujo del crédito bancario a las partes sanas del sector privado.

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