Greece sadness George Panagakis/ZumaPress

Разорение в Афинах и Брюсселе

НЬЮ-ЙОРК – Греческая катастрофа требует мирового внимания по двум причинам. Во-первых, горько наблюдать, как экономика страны рушится прямо у нас на глазах – с очередями за хлебом и в банки, невиданными со времен «Великой депрессии». Во-вторых, потрясает неспособность бесчисленных руководителей и учреждений – политиков разных стран, Европейской комиссии, Международного валютного фонда, Европейского центрального банка – остановить медленное, длящееся уже много лет скатывание этого поезда с рельс.

Если продолжать так же плохо управлять и дальше, не только Греция, но и европейское единство будут фатально подорваны. Ради спасения Греции и Европы в новый пакет финансовой помощи должны быть включены два важных пункта, которые пока еще не согласованы.

Во-первых, надо незамедлительно возобновить работу банков Греции. Принятое на прошлой неделе решение ЕЦБ приостановить кредитование банковской системы страны, то есть фактически закрыть банки, является абсурдным и катастрофичным. Это решение, навязанное крайне политизированным правлением ЕЦБ, станет объектом изучения – и осуждения – историков еще долгие годы. Закрыв греческие банки, ЕЦБ фактически закрыл всю экономику страны (в конце концов, ни одна более-менее развитая экономика не может выжить без платежной системы). ЕЦБ обязан немедленно пересмотреть свое решение, потому что в противном случае эти банки уже очень скоро нельзя будет спасти.

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