lines at greek atms Panayiotis Tzamaros/ZumaPress

L’attacco dell’Europa alla democrazia greca

NEW YORK – Il continuo crescendo di litigi e battibecchi all’interno dell’Europa può apparire all’esterno come l’inevitabile risultato della triste partita finale tra la Grecia e i suoi creditori. Infatti, i leader europei stanno finalmente cominciando a rivelare la reale natura del persistente dibattito sul debito, e la risposta non è delle più piacevoli: il dibattito riguarda il potere e la democrazia più che il denaro e l’economia.

Naturalmente, le misure economiche che sono alla base del programma che la “troika” (Commissione Europea, Banca Centrale Europea e Fondo Monetario Internazionale) ha imposto alla Grecia cinque anni fa sono state pessime, causando un calo del 25% del Pil del Paese. Non riesco a pensare a nessuna depressione che sia mai stata così intenzionale e che avesse conseguenze così catastrofiche; il tasso di disoccupazione giovanile della Grecia, ad esempio, ora supera il 60%.

È spaventoso che la troika si sia rifiutata di assumersi qualunque responsabilità o di ammettere quanto erano sbagliate le sue previsioni e i suoi modelli. Tuttavia ciò che è anche più sorprendente è che i leader europei non hanno neanche imparato la lezione. La troika sta ancora chiedendo che la Grecia raggiunga un avanzo primario di bilancio (al netto del pagamento degli interessi) pari al 3,5% del Pil entro il 2018.

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