greece celebrates no oxi vote Kostas Pikoulas/ZumaPress

El voto de Grecia a favor de la soberanía

CAMBRIDGE – Los acreedores y deudores han estado enfrentados desde que el dinero empezó a cambiar de manos, pero pocas veces se han dado esos problemas en un marco tan claro –y de forma tan pública– como en el referéndum griego recién celebrado.

En una votación celebrada el 5 de julio, el electorado griego rechazó rotundamente las exigencias de una mayor austeridad por parte de los acreedores extranjeros del país: el Banco Central Europeo, el Fondo Monetario Internacional y los demás Estados de la zona del euro, encabezados por Alemania. Sean cuales fueren las consecuencias económicas de esa decisión, la voz del pueblo griego sonó bien alta y clara: no vamos a soportarlo más.

Sin embargo, sería un error considerar el voto de Grecia una victoria total de la democracia, pese a lo que el Primer Ministro del país, Alexis Tsipras, y sus partidarios gustan de afirmar. Lo que los griegos llaman democracia da la impresión en muchos otros países –igualmente democráticos– de ser un unilateralismo irresponsable. En realidad, existe poca comprensión para con la posición griega en otros países de la zona del euro, donde referéndums similares mostrarían sin lugar a dudas un apoyo público abrumador a la continuación de las políticas de austeridad impuestas a Grecia.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.


Log in;
  1. An employee works at a chemical fiber weaving company VCG/Getty Images

    China in the Lead?

    For four decades, China has achieved unprecedented economic growth under a centralized, authoritarian political system, far outpacing growth in the Western liberal democracies. So, is Chinese President Xi Jinping right to double down on authoritarianism, and is the “China model” truly a viable rival to Western-style democratic capitalism?

  2. The assembly line at Ford Bill Pugliano/Getty Images

    Whither the Multilateral Trading System?

    The global economy today is dominated by three major players – China, the EU, and the US – with roughly equal trading volumes and limited incentive to fight for the rules-based global trading system. With cooperation unlikely, the world should prepare itself for the erosion of the World Trade Organization.

  3. Donald Trump Saul Loeb/Getty Images

    The Globalization of Our Discontent

    Globalization, which was supposed to benefit developed and developing countries alike, is now reviled almost everywhere, as the political backlash in Europe and the US has shown. The challenge is to minimize the risk that the backlash will intensify, and that starts by understanding – and avoiding – past mistakes.

  4. A general view of the Corn Market in the City of Manchester Christopher Furlong/Getty Images

    A Better British Story

    Despite all of the doom and gloom over the United Kingdom's impending withdrawal from the European Union, key manufacturing indicators are at their highest levels in four years, and the mood for investment may be improving. While parts of the UK are certainly weakening economically, others may finally be overcoming longstanding challenges.

  5. UK supermarket Waring Abbott/Getty Images

    The UK’s Multilateral Trade Future

    With Brexit looming, the UK has no choice but to redesign its future trading relationships. As a major producer of sophisticated components, its long-term trade strategy should focus on gaining deep and unfettered access to integrated cross-border supply chains – and that means adopting a multilateral approach.

  6. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now