Greece parliament building Wassilios Aswestopoulos/ZumaPress

La austeridad es el único obstáculo

ATENAS – Una falacia común permea en la cobertura informativa de la prensa mundial sobre las negociaciones entre el gobierno griego y sus acreedores. La falacia, que se ilustra en un comentario reciente de Philip Stephens del diario Financial Times, es que “Atenas no logra o no quiere –o las dos– poner en aplicación un programa de reforma económica.” Una vez que esta falacia se presenta como hecho es natural que la cobertura se centre en que nuestro gobierno, en palabras de Stephens, “está desperdiciando la confianza y buena voluntad de sus socios de la eurozona”.

No obstante, la realidad de las negociaciones es muy distinta. Nuestro gobierno está dispuesto a aplicar un programa que incluya todas las reformas económicas que señalan los grupos de reflexión económica de Europa. Además, estamos en una posición única para conservar el apoyo del público griego para un programa económico sólido.

Consideremos lo que eso significa: un organismo fiscal independiente; superávits fiscales primarios razonables permanentes; un programa sensato y ambicioso de privatización combinado con un organismo de desarrollo que utilice los activos públicos para crear flujos de inversión; una reforma verdadera de las pensiones que garantice la sostenibilidad a largo plazo del sistema de seguridad social; la liberalización de los mercados de bienes y servicios, etc.

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