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希腊的其他赤字

奥克兰——过去十年来,外界十分关注希腊的公共财政状况。当该国11月按照与债权人的最新协定首次面对改革进展状况审核时(这是获得新注入救助资金的必要条件)——其预算赤字问题再次被放到显微镜下。

但关注另一类赤字对希腊民众有利——虽然其公众监督远不及财政,但却完全可能造成同样严重的经济后果。像其他地中海国家(其实还有整个世界一样),希腊不仅背负着财政赤字;生态赤字的情况也同样堪忧。

我们的分析显示,地中海国家目前所用的生态资源和服务比生态系统能够再生的高2.5倍以上。以希腊为例,总共需要三个希腊的生态资源和服务才能满足国内民众对粮食、纤维、木材、住房、城市基础设施和碳回收的需求。仅雅典一地对自然资源的需求量就超过全国生态系统供应能力的22%。而且在多年衰退导致对希腊自然资源压力减轻后,随着GDP的逐渐改善需求开始显露出回升的势头。

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