信任的生产率

美国剑桥—诺贝尔经济学奖获得者保罗·克鲁格曼(Paul Krugman)曾讽刺说,“加拿大其实与美国比与它自己更接近。”毕竟,大部分加拿大公民都生活在3,000多英里长的加美边境周边狭长带中。大部分加拿大人住得离更多美国人而不是加拿大人更近。

同样的话也适用于公司和政府。大部分企业与政府比与其他企业更接近:它们与政府规则和机构的互动要多于其他商业同侪。这一互动的质量以及随时间而发生的演化也许是一国增长率和繁荣的最根本决定因素。

但影响私人部门总体观念,特别是全球大部分贸易和产业商会以及商业协会所表达的观点的并不是这一世界观。商业组织常常持有罗纳德·里根的著名格言:“政府不是解决问题的办法,政府就是问题。”

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